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# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


AD/AOS
Award of Distinction
Awarded once to a cross representing a worthy new direction in breeding. The award is granted unanimously without scoring by the judging team assigned.
Last Updated: 07-06-2010 @ 01:01 AM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Alba
A term generally refering to flowers that are white compared to the typical.

Often indicated in a plant name as var. alba

Example:
Cattleya intermedia var. alba
Last Updated: 07-07-2010 @ 01:14 PM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Aneuploidy
(anne-you-ploy-dee)

Having a chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number, caused by one chromosome set being incomplete
Last Updated: 07-14-2014 @ 01:27 PM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Anther
(AN-ther)
The part of the stamen that contains the pollinia; located at the top of the Column.
Last Updated: 07-10-2006 @ 09:52 AM 
Submitted By: Marty

AOS
An acronym formed from the initial letters of the American Orchid Society, the American authority on orchid standards and judging. Often used when disignating awards a particular orchid cultivar has received.

Example:
Blc. Mem. Crispin Rosales 'Carmela' AM/AOS - the cultivar 'Carmela' was awarded an AM (Award of Merit) by the AOS.

The same acronym system is used to indicate the majority of orchid societies around the world.
Last Updated: 01-18-2013 @ 11:22 AM 
Submitted By: harleymc

AOS Awards
These are the most common awards for individual plants:
FCC/AOS - First Class Certificate - awarded to a species or hybrid that scores 90 points or more.
AM/AOS - Award of Merit - awarded to a species or hybrid that scores 80 - 89 points.
HCC/AOS - Highly Commended Certificate - awarded to species or hybrid that scores 75-79 points.
Last Updated: 08-19-2006 @ 03:10 PM 
Submitted By: cneos

AQ/AOS
Award of Quality
Awarded once to a cross exhibited by a single individual as a group of not less than 12 plants or inflorescences of different clones of a hybrid or cultivated species. At least one of the inflorescences must receive a flower quality award and the overall quality of the group must be an improvement over the former type.
Last Updated: 07-06-2010 @ 01:01 AM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Axil
The angle between a branch or stem and any organ (bud, flower, or shoot) extending from it.
Last Updated: 08-02-2006 @ 12:12 PM 
Submitted By: Tindomul1of9

Backbulb
(BAK-bulb)
An old Pseudobulb behind the actively growing portion of a Sympodial orchid. Although there may be no leaves, the presence of undamaged "eyes" is a sign that growth is possible.
Last Updated: 04-20-2006 @ 07:42 PM 
Submitted By: Marty

Backcross
(BAK-krawss)
A mating between hybrid progeny and one of the original parents.
Last Updated: 10-12-2008 @ 01:31 AM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Bifoliate
(bye-FOH-lee-ayt)
Having two leaves.
Last Updated: 06-28-2006 @ 12:15 PM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Bract
A modified or specialized leaf, from the axil of which a flower or flower stalk arises; or a bract may be any leaf associated with an inflorescence. Bracts may serve to protect a flower, bud, or shoot.
Last Updated: 08-02-2006 @ 12:20 PM 
Submitted By: Tindomul1of9

Bud Blast
The shriveling and dropping of unopened flower buds due to exposure to drying temperatures or cold.
Last Updated: 12-26-2006 @ 04:37 PM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Bulldog Paphiopedilum
Complex paphiopedilum hybrids which are bred for huge size, very large flower segments, and round, 'salad plate' type flowers. Bulldogs are very complex hybrids and may also be refered to as 'Toads'.
Last Updated: 02-05-2013 @ 10:35 AM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Callus
(KAL-us)
A waxy or fleshy protuberance or growth, usually on the lip of an orchid.
Last Updated: 04-23-2006 @ 12:18 AM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Cane
An elongated Pseudobulb, usually used when describing Dendrobiums.
Last Updated: 04-20-2006 @ 11:38 PM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Capsule
(KAP-sule)
The seedpod of an orchid, often containing thousands, even millions, of seeds.
Last Updated: 05-08-2006 @ 11:45 PM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

Cataphyll
Scale-like leaf, as on a Rhizome or the base of a stem.
Last Updated: 04-20-2006 @ 11:39 PM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

CBR/AOS
Certificate of Botanical Recognition
Awarded to rare and unusual species with educational interest that has received no previous awards. The entire plant must be exhibited. This award is granted provisionally and filed with the judging center Chair pending taxonomic verification supplied by the exhibitor.
Last Updated: 07-07-2010 @ 01:56 AM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

CCE/AOS
Certificate of Cultural Excellence
Awarded to the exhibitor of a well-flowered specimen plant of robust health. The plant must score more than 90 points on a 100-point scale. Plants receiving this award represent the highest level of orchid culture.
Last Updated: 07-07-2010 @ 01:57 AM 
Submitted By: Oscarman

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